In 1943, Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) recommends setting up four higher technical institutions in India. The idea has been endorsed by Prof. A.V. Hill, Nobel Laureate who visited India in 1944 and Prof. N.R. Sarkar Committee in 1945-46. During 1950, Easter Higher Technical Institute (ETHI), later IIT Kharagpur started at 5, Esplanade Row (East), Calcutta. In the same year, it has been renamed as IIT Kharagpur and first director. In 1951, first batch of 224 students and 42 faculty members started their journey from Hijli.
In 1952, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru laid the foundation stone for IIT Kharagpur. In 1954, first batch of Post Graduate student's graduated and in 1956, the provision for Ph.D and D.Sc degrees made by the institute. In 1956, the Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur) Act declared IIT Kharagpur to be an Institute of National Importance (INI) and makes it an autonomous institute.
Situated 120 km west of Kolkata, IIT Kharagpur has two fully operational extension centres, one at Calcutta and the other at Bhubaneswar, besides the main campus at Kharagpur, which is the largest in the country.
IIT Kharagpur has the largest number of PG and UG programmes and has a large number of doctoral research scholars. It offers 22 undergraduate (B.Tech., B.Arch., M.Sc.), 87 postgraduate (M.Tech., Dual Degree, M.C.P., M.B.M.) and research (M.S., Ph.D., D.Sc.) programmes. The students admitted through JEE Advanced in the following courses.
|Course||Code||GE||OBC||SC||ST||GE PD||OBC PD||SC PD||ST PD||Total Seats|
|B.Tech in Aerospace Engineering||G4101||16||9||4||2||0||0||1||0||32|
|B.Tech in Agricultural and Food Engineering||G4102||16||9||5||3||1||0||0||0||34|
|B.Tech in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering||G4105||13||7||4||2||1||0||0||0||27|
|B.Tech in Chemical Engineering||G4107||26||13||7||4||0||1||1||0||52|
|B.Tech Civil Engineering||G4109||30||17||9||4||1||0||0||1||62|
|B.Tech in Computer Science and Engineering||G4110||28||14||8||4||0||1||0||0||55|
|B.Tech in Electrical Engineering||G4111||27||14||8||4||1||1||0||0||55|
|B.Tech in Electronics and Electrical Communication Engineering||G4115||31||16||9||4||0||1||0||1||62|
|B.Tech in Industrial Engineering||G4120||14||8||4||2||1||0||0||0||29|
|B.Tech in Instrumentation Engineering||G4121||15||9||5||2||1||0||0||0||32|
|B.Tech in Manufacturing Science and Engineering||G4122||15||8||4||2||0||0||0||0||29|
|B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering||G4125||34||17||10||5||0||1||0||0||67|
|B.Tech in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering||G4127||21||11||7||3||1||1||0||0||44|
|B.Tech in Mining Engineering||G4130||20||11||6||3||0||0||0||0||40|
|B.Tech in Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture||G4133||16||9||4||2||1||0||1||0||33|
|Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch)||G5101||24||12||8||4||1||1||0||0||50|
|Five‐Year B.Tech. and M. Tech. Dual Degree Courses|
|M.Tech in Aerospace Engineering||G5201||10||5||2||1||0||0||1||0||19|
|Agricultural and Food Engineering with M.Tech. in any of the listed
|M.Tech in Biotechnology and Biochemical Engineering||G5208||13||7||3||2||0||0||1||0||26|
|M.Tech in Chemical Engineering||G5210||13||7||4||2||1||0||0||0||27|
|B.Tech in Civil Engineering with any of the listed specialization in M.Tech||G5215||11||5||3||2||0||1||0||0||22|
|M.Tech in Computer Science and Engineering||G5216||19||11||6||3||1||0||0||0||40|
|B.Tech Electrical Engineering with M.Tech. in any of the listed specializations||G5222||10||6||3||2||1||0||0||0||22|
|B.Tech in Electronics and Electrical Communication Engineering with M.Tech. in any of the listed specializations||G5225||19||11||6||3||1||0||0||0||40|
|B.Tech in Industrial Engineering with M.Tech. in Industrial Engineering and Management||G5230||11||5||4||1||1||0||0||0||22|
|Manufacturing Science and Engineering with M.Tech. in Industrial Engineering and Management||G5231||7||4||2||1||0||0||0||0||14|
|B.Tech in Mechanical Engineering with M.Tech. in any of the listed
|B.Tech in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering with M.Tech. in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering||G5243||10||5||3||1||0||0||0||0||19|
|M.Tech in Mining Engineering||G5247||10||5||3||1||0||0||0||0||19|
|M.Tech in Mining Safety Engineering||G5248||9||5||3||1||0||0||0||0||18|
|M.Tech in Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture||G5251||11||5||4||2||0||0||0||0||22|
|M.Tech in Quality Engineering Design and Manufacturing||G5253||7||3||2||1||0||1||0||0||14|
|Five‐Year Integrated M.Sc. Courses|
|M.Sc in Applied Geology||G5501||18||10||5||3||0||0||0||0||36|
|M.Sc in Chemistry||G5503||16||9||5||3||1||0||0||0||34|
|M.Sc in Economics||G5504||21||11||7||3||1||1||0||0||44|
|M.Sc in Exploration Geophysics||G5505||17||9||5||3||0||0||0||0||34|
|M.Sc in Mathematics and Computing||G5506||23||12||7||4||1||1||0||0||48|
|M.Sc in Physics||G5507||17||10||5||3||1||0||0||0||36|
IIT Kharagpur has been a prime over in the modernization of technical education in independent India. Excellent research facilities and support in the frontier areas of science and technology are available at IIT Kharagpur, which includes some of the most advanced laboratories and the largest technical library in the country housing a state-of-the-art electronic library. All the departments and centres are equipped with modern instruments. Central Research Facility caters to the special needs of all including outside organizations. The Institute also houses an Astronomical Observatory set up by the Positional Astronomy Centre, Government of India and the ISRO Satellite Remote Sensing Centre. A well-equipped centre for Education Technology, and Language and Psychology laboratories are additional assets. Many special purpose top rung laboratories have been created in IIT Kharagpur out of the R&D grants received from Industries, Government, Defence and from Alumni Contributors. A large new Computer and Informatics Centre, a new wing for Information Technology, computer network for halls of residence, students hostels rooms and a capacious lecture hall complex are fully operational. Some of the laboratories are: a world class VLSI Design Laboratory, Communication Empowerment Laboratory, Media Lab Asia, Microsoft Laboratory, Motorola Laboratory, Centre for Excellence in Composite Technology, Ocean Science and Technology Cell, Advanced Technology Centre, Space Technology Cell, etc. Vinod Gupta School of Management (VGSOM) and G S Sanyal School of Telecommunications (GSST), School of Infrastructure Design and Management, School of Intellectual Property Law offering LLB program are the first of their kinds in the IIT system, owe their existence to the generous contributions from its alumni. IIT Kharagpur is the first to plan establishment of multispeciality hospital and Medical School and would be offering MBBS programs in the near future.
In the new millennium, IIT Kharagpur has switched over to a more flexible academic system aiming at capability-based learning where students would get wider options to exercise and brighter students would be able to achieve more. Over and above receiving a B.Tech. (Hons.) Degree, a B.Arch. (Hons.) Degree, a Dual Degree or an Integrated M.Sc. Degree, for which he/ she has registered, a student depending on his/her performance and availability could have the option to earn additional credits across disciplines. On accumulation of sufficient prescribed credits, a student would be able to earn a MINOR in a discipline other than the degree for which he/she has registered. For example, a student in Electrical Engineering (EE), say, would obtain a B.Tech. (Hons.) degree in EE and can earn a MINOR in Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) or Mechanical Engineering (ME), or even a MINOR in a science discipline. Provisions have been kept in the curricula so that a student has the freedom to pursue and sustain multidisciplinary interest.
The Institute follows a ten point grading system with letter grades (Ex, A, B, C, D and P) corresponding grade points (10 to 5) per credit. The Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is computed at the end of each semester. The CGPA secured by a student reflects his/her performance.
The institute is fully residential. Students are accommodated in 20 Halls of Residence, 13 for boys and 6 for girls and one for Research Scholars with family. A boys hostel with 2000 capacity is on the verge of completion. Research personnel working in sponsored and projects are accommodated in a Residential Complex. The halls have 24 hours internet connectivity. All the Halls of Residence have regular catering facilities. Some additional food outlets are located within the campus; a few late evening canteens are available as well in some of the halls of residence. Several restaurants including air-conditioned ones and a Cafe Coffee Day unit are located in the campus, particularly in the hostel area. For daily necessities and groceries, one can walk down to the Tech Market within the campus. A larger market, Gole Bazaar, is about 5 km from the Campus. Three banks with ATM facility are located inside the Campus. The State Bank of India branch with core banking services is in the campus close to the Institute Main building and it provides foreign exchange facilities as well. An extension counter of Syndicate Bank is situated on the first floor of the Institute main building. A branch of Punjab National Bank is situated in the Tech Market where business transactions are carried out in the afternoon. In addition, an Axis Bank ATM is available as well inside the Gymkhana premises. The Post Office is located close to the State Bank branch. Outlets of a few courier services are also available within the campus.South Eastern Railway has been operating a counter in the Institute Main Building area extending Railway ticket booking facilities especially to the students and the campus residents.There are also a few privately run outlets in the campus to cater facilities for railway ticket booking, air ticket booking, car rental, and STD/ISD phone calls.
IIT Kharagpur aims at the all round development of personality, with emphasis on physical, socio-cultural and value-oriented education. In the rich tapestry of culture that marks this IIT, students play a vital role. They participate in almost all decision-making bodies of the Institute, starting from hostel administration to Senate, and organize cultural and techno-management activities throughout the year, culminating in the Spring Fest and Kshitij. Technology Students’ Gymkhana, along with the newly expanded Students’ Activity Centre is the nerve centre for sports, cultural and social activities and puts a premium on creativity and teamwork. It has a number of outdoor and indoor stadia for sports and games, a modern swimming pool and a gymnasium. Photography Club, Fine Arts Club, Publicity Club, Music Club, Yoga Club, Film Society, Dramatics Society, Aquatics Society, Astronomy Club and many more special interest groups are supported by the Gymkhana. Lately a large number of technology and social service focused student societies have been formed, quite often the local chapter of an international body. The halls of residence also offer a few in-house sports facilities in addition to the central facilities.
The B. C. Roy Technology Hospital is located at the center of the Campus. It provides indoor and outdoor medical facilities for common ailments. However, a few specialized visiting medical practitioners regularly attend the outdoor chambers. The Hospital has its round the clock emergency medical attendance arrangement, and a 24x7 medicine counter. Complicated cases are referred for treatment to the State Hospital or to the Railway Hospital or to Hospitals in Kolkata. The Institute has student’s Medical Insurance Coverage which is obligatory on the part of the students and which usually covers a part of medical expenses for such referred cases. 24 hours Institute ambulance service is also available for the purpose of shifting the patients to other hospitals for better management. A few specialized medical practitioners are also available around the IIT campus for private consultation; this list of neighbourhood medical facilities is posted at
The Counselling Centre offers a broad range of services including psychological assessment, individual therapy, group therapy, and management to promote mental health, life skills training, emotional resilience and overall wellbeing of the student community. Full-time clinical psychologists and a visiting psychiatrist are available for consultation.
The Institute also offers a very large number of scholarships, medals and prizes which is made possible by the munificence of its well-wishers, providing due recognition and reward for merit. The Institute awards merit-cum-means scholarship to all eligible students of 4-year B. Tech (H), 5-year Dual Degree, 5-year B. Arch., 5-year M.Sc. courses subject to a maximum number of 25% of the total number of registered students of that sessions. Apart from this, various endowment scholarships are also available. The sponsored research and consultancy projects generate significant amount of fund and provide generous support for undergraduate students doing good projects.
The Training and Placement Section of the Institute centrally handles campus placement of the graduating students of all Departments, Centres and Schools. The Section provides excellent infrastructure to support every stage of the placement process. Arrangements for Pre-Placement Talks, Written Tests, Interviews, Group Discussions etc. are made as per the requirements of the Organizations. The section also arranges for summer practical training for all pre-final year B.Tech. (Hons.) and Integrated M.Sc.students and third year students of 5 Year dual degree M.Tech. courses. The Science and Technology Entrepreneur’s park (STEP) of IIT Kharagpur.
The Institute may permit a student of B.Tech. or integrated M.Sc. Course (except for B.Arch. students) to change from one branch of studies to another after the first academic year (first two semesters). Only those students will be eligible for consideration for a change of branch who has completed all credit courses in the first two semesters in their first attempt and obtained a CGPA of not lower than a prescribed value at the end of second semester.